Lions 2017: Former All Black Kees Meeuws defends Lions scrum

first_imgLATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS TAGS: Highlight “But having the likes of Tadhg (Furlong) and Dan (Cole) and Jack McGrath and Mako (Vunipola) and (Joe) Marler, as a unit with the hookers we’re all working trying to make each other better, sharing little secrets with each other, hoping we’ll probably forget all that when we get off this tour and face each other again!“We’ll just work as a unit and if the opportunity comes we’ll be ready.” “This is early days in the tour. You have tomorrow and then the Maori, which I think will be the real big test. I believe the Lions are on the right track before the first Test match. Each game they’ve gotten better and they haven’t shown all their cards yet.”Talking about the set-piece challenge on Tuesday evening, starting Lions tighthead Kyle Sinckler had his own view on the matter.“The scrum’s going to be massively, massively important, we’ve got to focus on ourselves, stick to our process, and we need eight guys coming together as one for a good outcome, doing the same thing at the same time.Loud and proud: Kyle Sinckler during the Lions match against the Blues“It’s not about going out there trying to make a statement, if the occasion comes and the opportunity is there, then as an eight we’ll stay within our process and just keep doing what we’re doing. Scrum storm: The Lions scrum came under the microscope in Christchurch The Lions scrum came under scrutiny in Christchurch, but this 42-cap Kiwi prop has taken an outside look at the British & Irish set-piece After the British & Irish Lions defeated the Crusaders 12-3 on Saturday, there were some grumblings down under about how the scrum was refereed. Post-match, there were some concerns voiced over referee Mathieu Raynal’s ruling on the Crusaders’ approach to creating a gap between two scrums, with All Black loosehead Joe Moody falling foul of the French official on a handful of occasions.On the eve of their match against the Highlanders though, the Lions scrum received an endorsement from 42-cap All Black prop Kees Meeuws. The former Highlander and Scarlet, who has played elite rugby on both sides of the scrum, believes that one powerful shove from the Crusaders belied a good day at the office for the Lions.Man in charge: Assistant coach Graham Rowntree looks after the Lions scrum“With referees interpretations, it takes you some time to understand what they want at scrum time,” Meeuws told Rugby World. “On the weekend, the Crusaders had a great scrum and it was just an opportunity that they took and got the better of. But if you take a look at the whole game, the Lions scrum was pretty solid. And if you go back to the game before, against the Blues, they dominated. Dan Cole got in there and really smashed the Blues scrum.”Talking with a Test prop’s perspective, Meeuws explained why the Crusaders did so well in that one eye-catching scrum: “In the last game the Lions got caught at a funny angle, you could see the hesitation. They may have been waiting for the referee to pull it up, but he didn’t and the Crusaders took it. It takes a little bit of time to understand your referees and I think that’s what happened.”FOR THE LATEST SUBSCRIPTION OFFERS, CLICK HEREAfter the narrow 22-16 loss against the Blues in the second match of the tour, many were trumpeting the scrum as a major strength for the Lions. After game three the set-piece was under the microscope again. Clearly the shove will be a vital battleground throughout this series, but according to Meeuws, you need some perspective when looking at the scrum.“When it comes to front-row play, every minute in there is different. You could be set up right and then the angle is wrong for you and there is nothing you can do about it. You just try to battle your way out of it.In All Black action: Kees Meeuws performs a haka against Australia“First game, the Lions had just got off the plane and were just finding their feet in New Zealand. Against the Blues their scrum got better and got a bit of dominance, and then last week – and the Crusaders are a very well-drilled pack – they (the hosts) got an opportunity and took it, but it looked worse than it was.last_img

Fourie du Preez on facing the British & Irish Lions

first_imgDu Preez confirms that the region has more to offer than game-viewing. In the lead-up to the Lions matches played in Gauteng, fans should make the time for a two- or three-day getaway.“We have some great golf courses in South Africa. A round at Leopard Creek (in Mpumalanga) should be on any golfer’s bucket-list,” says du Preez, who plays off a low handicap.“If I were a travelling supporter or even a visiting player, I would book a round of golf and organise a game drive at Kruger before considering any other activity.” Can’t get to the shops? You can download the digital edition of Rugby World straight to your tablet or subscribe to the print edition to get the magazine delivered to your door.Follow Rugby World on Facebook, Instagram and Twitter. Fine nine: Fourie du Preez tries to break the Lions’ defence during the 2009 series (Getty Images) LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS The former Springboks scrum-half reflects on the decisive moment of the 2009 series with Jon Cardinelli Fourie du Preez on facing the British & Irish LionsNearly 12 years have passed, but Fourie du Preez remembers the decisive incident of the previous series between South Africa and the British & Irish Lions like it was yesterday.With the scores level and time running out on the Loftus Versfeld stadium clock, Lions replacement Ronan O’Gara launched the ball into the highveld sky. At the other end of the park, du Preez, playing on his home ground, tracked the flight of the kick and went up to make the catch.O’Gara mistimed his own challenge for the ball, took the Springbok scrum-half out in the air, and handed the hosts a chance to win the game.“As I fell to the ground, I knew it was a penalty,” du Preez remembers. “I sat there and tried to regain my breath. I started to think that we had the chance to kick the penalty and win the series.”Fourie du Preez on facing the British & Irish LionsTwelve years earlier, du Preez – then a schoolboy in Pretoria – watched the Lions from the stands.Martin Johnson’s side won that series 2-1. The impression they made on the next generation of players – particularly those based in South Africa – was significant.Du Preez progressed through the Blue Bulls ranks and won his first Test cap for the Boks in 2004. Under Jake White, the Boks went on to win the Tri-Nations. Three years later, they won the World Cup in France.“People ask me to compare the pressure of playing at a World Cup to the pressure of representing your country in a Lions series,” du Preez says. “The pressure at a World Cup is unbelievable. A Lions tour is different in the sense that you’re playing in front of your home crowd.“I understand that level of expectation, having been a boy in the crowd watching the 1997 tour to South Africa. Like most youngsters, I grew up wanting to play against the All Blacks, win the World Cup and beat the Lions.”The Boks began that 2009 series in explosive fashion. The final scoreline of 26-21 in the first Test at Kings Park didn’t reflect their dominance. In the second game, however, the Boks were forced to find an extra gear.“The Lions surprised us at Loftus. They were 20 to 30% more physical and we had to fight to stay in the contest,” du Preez recalls.“They went out to a big lead, but we didn’t go away. That’s what I remember about that Bok side, we stood up in the big moments even if the situation seemed dire. Slowly but surely, we managed to claw our way back and then finish it off at the end.”Key moment: Fourie du Preez is tackled in the air by Ronan O’Gara (Getty Images)Du Preez believes that O’Gara did well to collect the ball from deep in his own half and then boot it back downfield. The Bok scrum-half charged towards a towering garryowen certain that he would win the contest for the ball.When O’Gara took du Preez out in the air and the referee awarded the hosts a penalty, the latter was surprised to see his Bulls team-mate rather than South Africa’s long-range specialist calling for the kicking tee.“The penalty was awarded on our 10m line. As I got up after the fall, I started to look around for Frans Steyn, who usually takes those long-range goal-kicks. But it was Morné (Steyn), playing in only his second Test, who was confident enough to step forward and say, ‘I will knock it over’.“I’d watched him do it so many times before for the Bulls – and so many times at Loftus. But did I know for sure that he would kick it over in that situation? No, I didn’t.“Test rugby is very different to Super Rugby and the pressure is immense. Add to that the fact that the kick would decide the game and the series. If we missed that kick, the game would have been a draw and the series would have been decided in the third Test. “So I stood there, watching Morné approach the tee. As the ball left his boot, I hoped and hoped it would have the distance.“When it sailed between the posts, read more

The Chiefs fade as the Bulls power on to win in Hamilton

first_imgMonday Apr 12, 2010 The Chiefs fade as the Bulls power on to win in Hamilton Last years Super 14 finalists, the Chiefs and the Bulls, met in Hamilton this weekend in what was a crucial game for both sides. The visitors came away with the 33-19 win after grounding down the Chiefs with a powerful forward performance that allowed gaps to open later in the contest.The Bulls bounced back well from their first defeat of the season to the Blues a week ago, picking up their first ever win in Hamilton and reclaiming the number one spot at the top of the table.The defending champions are now four points ahead of the Crusaders and Waratahs, who are one point ahed of the Stormers. It looks like thatll be the four that contend the semis, but there are still five rounds left and we could yet see a few surprises.Skipper Victor Matfield described the match as a great victory for the touring Bulls.“It’s always great to win in New Zealand. It’s the toughest place to tour in the world, so we’re happy with the performance tonight,” said Matfield. “The guys today showed a lot of character. They wanted to come back and they showed it out there. They just gave their all.”It was the fourth loss in five outings for the Chiefs, pushing them further down the table with a few big matches still ahead of them, namely against the Stormers, Cheetahs, Hurricanes, Waratahs, and Blues.“The boys were there mentally and physically. The Bulls are a class side and punished us in the end,” said captain Liam Messam said, admitting it had been a tough night for his injury ravaged team, despite them being competitive for a good 60 minutes. Time: 06:06ADVERTISEMENT Posted By: rugbydump Share Send Thanks Sorry there has been an error Related Articles 81 WEEKS AGO scottish prop saves fire victim 84 WEEKS AGO New Rugby X tournament insane 112 WEEKS AGO Vunipola stands by his comments supporting… From the WebThis Video Will Soon Be Banned. Watch Before It’s DeletedSecrets RevealedIf You Have Ringing Ears Do This Immediately (Ends Tinnitus)Healthier LivingGranny Stuns Doctors by Removing Her Wrinkles with This Inexpensive TipSmart Life Reports90% of People Have No Idea What These Two Little Holes Are ForNueey10 Types of Women You Should Never MarryNueeyShe Was the Most Beautiful Girl in the World. What She Looks Like Now is InsaneNueeyThe content you see here is paid for by the advertiser or content provider whose link you click on, and is recommended to you by Revcontent. As the leading platform for native advertising and content recommendation, Revcontent uses interest based targeting to select content that we think will be of particular interest to you. We encourage you to view your opt out options in Revcontent’s Privacy PolicyWant your content to appear on sites like this?Increase Your Engagement Now!Want to report this publisher’s content as misinformation?Submit a ReportGot it, thanks!Remove Content Link?Please choose a reason below:Fake NewsMisleadingNot InterestedOffensiveRepetitiveSubmitCancel ADVERTISEMENT Trending 6 DAYS AGO HUGE controversy sees Borthwick call Pat Lam a liar during heated Prem clash 5 DAYS AGO Melbourne Rebels do their best to wreck Bryn Gatland 4 DAYS AGO Lam’s explanation of bizarre situation that caused heated touchline argument 5 DAYS AGO François Steyn’s ridiculous 60-metre drop goal which left commentators in hysterics 1 WEEK AGO WATCH: Brutal footage of the fight between Jake Ball and Alun Wyn Jones Great Tries 5 DAYS AGO Eye-opening compilation shows why Taulupe Faletau could harm Springboks this Summer 5 DAYS AGO The time Waisale Serevi used his iconic hitch-kick to carve up Scotland in 2000 1 WEEK AGO Veainu finishes superb try after octopus style offload from Waisea 2 WEEKS AGO FULL MATCH REPLAY: Huge stars on show when All Blacks host Pacific Island XV in 2004 2 WEEKS AGO WATCH: Hooker produces ridiculous speed to score 60-metre wonder try for Hurricanes View All Big Hits & Dirty Play 23 HOURS AGO Awesome new Etzebeth montage will have Springboks fans psyched for Summer Lions tour 5 DAYS AGO Melbourne Rebels do their best to wreck Bryn Gatland 5 DAYS AGO Eye-opening compilation shows why Taulupe Faletau could harm Springboks this Summer 5 DAYS AGO Re-live O’Driscoll’s EPIC try-saving tackle in 2003 RWC quarter-final 1 WEEK AGO AWESOME video shows the very biggest and best read more

US dot gones in the non-profit sector

Advertisement Howard Lake | 24 March 2001 | News Several Internet start-ups that offered online fundraising opportunities to US non-profits have stopped trading over the past few months. Of the 30or more dot coms that exhibited at the National Society of Fund Raising Executives’ conference in New Orleans in 2000, the NonProfit Times has discovered five are now out of business, “or appear so”, and “many others teetering near the edge.” Read a summary of the US dot com fundraising sector in NotForLong.com, a special report by Jeff Berger, Clint Carpenter and Matthew Sinclair at the NonProfit Times. About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis US dot gones in the non-profit sector  14 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis

EasyJet passengers’ foreign coin donations pass £200,000

first_img Tagged with: Research / statistics Trading About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving.  18 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Howard Lake | 7 October 2005 | News EasyJet passengers have now donated more than £200,000 to the airline’s charity partner the National Society for Epilepsy (NSE) following a fundraising drive during July and August 2005.Luton-based EasyJet has handed over a new donation of £50,000 to NSE’s Seahorse Appeal following on-board collections of loose foreign change during July and August 2005.The partnership was launched at the end of 2004. Advertisement EasyJet passengers’ foreign coin donations pass £200,000last_img

Hoosier Joins Final 4 of Anthem Singing Contest

first_img Hoosier Joins Final 4 of Anthem Singing Contest Facebook Twitter Facebook Twitter SHARE Home Indiana Agriculture News Hoosier Joins Final 4 of Anthem Singing Contest By Andy Eubank – Sep 22, 2013 FMC Anthem winnersFMC Agricultural Solutions has a winner in its second “Stand and be Heard Anthem Singing Contest.” Noelle Goodson from Fayette, Ohio is the grand prize winner, earning a $10,000 scholarship from FMC.Three other students have been awarded runner-up $5,000 scholarships, including Alexandra Carpenter of Crawfordsville, Indiana.Over 30,000 online votes during the finalist phase of the contest helped determine the overall winner. Hayley Hall, Bladenboro, N.C. and Alexander Raun, Minden, Neb. are the other 2 students in the final four. Those four emerged from 220 video entries from 4-H, FFA, student NAMA and other agricultural education students in 31 states.Paul Redhage, FMC Strategic Communications Manager says the $25,000 in total scholarship money is an investment in agriculture’s future.“FMC is looking for ways that we can help illustrate our investment in farming’s future, and the youth of agriculture is a major way that we can do that.”The 19-year-old Carpenter (left) has been involved in Indiana 4-H for a decade, serving as president of her local club and has worked on projects with goats and rabbits as well as sewing, cake decorating, photography, foods and food preservation. Along with her agricultural experiences, Carpenter has been involved in chorus and performed in the community theater musical this summer. She is now at Indiana State University majoring in musical liberal arts with a focus in premed.“This whole experience has been amazing. Going to Nashville was one of the coolest things I’ve ever done,” said Goodson, (2nd from right) the grand prize winner. “Thank you, FMC, for the scholarship prize. I’m already planning to put it toward my second year of college.”Goodson has been involved in FFA since eighth grade. Through FFA, she has competed in soil judging and dairy foods contests, and she served on the parliamentary procedure team. This past year, Goodson served as chapter president. She has sung the National Anthem for sporting events throughout high school, including the Division IV State Boys Varsity Basketball Championship game at The Ohio State University. Goodson plans to attend Cornerstone University in Grand Rapids, Mich.“Interacting with young people is what makes us excited about investing in the future of farming,” said Tim Thompson, FMC Agricultural Solutions North America product manager. “FMC is proud to congratulate Noelle and we thank all the students who participated in this year’s contest. We hope they will share their talents with us again next year.” SHARE Previous articleBeck’s Hybrids Announces Illinois AcquisitionNext articleGovernor Pence Responds to EPA Proposed Emissions Rules Andy Eubanklast_img

Freelance journalist and son freed after six months in prison

first_img Wave of Kurdish arrests of Syrian journalists October 5, 2006 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Freelance journalist and son freed after six months in prison March 12, 2021 Find out more News Damascus TV presenter arrested under cyber-crime law SyriaMiddle East – North Africa News March 8, 2021 Find out more News SyriaMiddle East – North Africa Help by sharing this information center_img Organisation Toll of ten years of civil war on journalists in Syria Receive email alerts News RSF_en to go further Human rights activist and freelance journalist Ali Abdallah, 52, and his son, student Mohammad Abdallah, 22, were released yesterday on completing a six-month sentence for “criticising the state of emergency laws” in effect since 1963 and “insulting the president of the state security court,” their lawyer, Khalil Maatouk, said. Ali Abdallah is an occasional contributor to the Lebanese newspapers Assafir and An-Nahar and to Al-Khalij, a newspaper based in the United Arab Emirates.——————————–21.08.2006 – Journalist and son appear before court martial after being held five monthsReporters Without Borders voiced concern today about the fate of freelance journalist Ali Abdallah and his son Mohammad, who appeared before a court martial in Damascus on 14 August on charges of disturbing the peace, “disseminating false news iable to undermine the financial prestige of the state” and “insulting a high official” under articles 287 and 385 of the criminal code.The press freedom organisation called for their immediate release and said they were being held arbitrarily for exercising their right to free expression and criticism. Abdallah, who writes for such newspapers as Al-Khalij, Assafir and An-Nahar, has been detained together his son for the past five months.He was arrested on 23 March after criticising government policies in various articles including one that described the Syrian economy as “weak.” When his son contacted the Qatar-based TV news station Al-Jazeera to report the arrest, he was also detained.During their 14 August appearance in court, Abdallah and his son said they signed confessions under torture and after being subjected to violence during their initial interrogation.Their lawyer, Razan Zaitouneh, said Abdallah’s arrested was carried out by plain-clothes security agents who had no warrant and refused to identify themselves. He and his son were then held for a month without their lawyers and family being told where they were or being able to communicate with them.The case was transferred to a military court after being brought first before an ordinary civilian court and then a state security high court. At an earlier hearing on 26 July, the military court decided to adjourn the case to 14 August for verification of identity. It has now been decided that the substance of the case will not be heard until 27 September.“Ali and Mohammad Abdallah have now been held for nearly five months in unacceptable conditions pending a judicial decision that keeps on being postponed,” Reporters Without Borders said. “Such violations of human rights are intolerable and we firmly condemn them.”Abdallah was previously arrested on 26 May 2005 for inviting the Muslim Brotherhood to participate in a debate held by the Atassi Forum, the only political forum tolerated in Syria. He was freed six months later, on 4 November 2005. Follow the news on Syria February 3, 2021 Find out morelast_img

July a busy month for Donegal lifeguards – Jellyfish warning issued

first_img Further drop in people receiving PUP in Donegal WhatsApp Twitter Pinterest RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Tuesday May 25th Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry Facebook Google+ Previous articleBig performance needed if Celtic are to stay in Champions LeagueNext articlePublic consultation opens on Minister’s call for Donegal windfarm restrictions to be lifted News Highland Last month proved to be a busy one for lifeguards on Donegal’s beaches.4 people were rescued, 202 were given first aid, there were 3 cases where a child had been lost while 576 accidents were prevented.Irish Water Safety says this underlines the importance of using manned lifeguarded bathing places.Water temperature and weather conditions have also led to potentially dangerous jellyfish on Irish waters and on beaches.John Leech is CEO of Irish Water Safety:Audio Playerhttp://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/johnrawJELLY.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. Pinterestcenter_img Homepage BannerNews WhatsApp Facebook Gardai continue to investigate Kilmacrennan fire Twitter 365 additional cases of Covid-19 in Republic July a busy month for Donegal lifeguards – Jellyfish warning issued By News Highland – August 6, 2014 Google+ 75 positive cases of Covid confirmed in North last_img

Calcutta HC Extends All Interim Orders Passed By It & Courts Subordinate To It Till September 30 [Read Order]

first_imgNews UpdatesCalcutta HC Extends All Interim Orders Passed By It & Courts Subordinate To It Till September 30 [Read Order] LIVELAW NEWS NETWORK23 Jun 2020 11:07 PMShare This – xIn a case registered suo moto, a Full Bench of the Calcutta High Court has extended the subsistence of all the interim orders passed by it and the courts subordinate to it till September 30, 2020, provided they were subsisting on March 16. The order is passed in the backdrop of “non-availability of access to Courts”, due to the outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic and is also applicable…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginIn a case registered suo moto, a Full Bench of the Calcutta High Court has extended the subsistence of all the interim orders passed by it and the courts subordinate to it till September 30, 2020, provided they were subsisting on March 16. The order is passed in the backdrop of “non-availability of access to Courts”, due to the outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic and is also applicable to orders pertaining to the Original Side of the High Court. The extension has been granted by a bench of Chief Justice Thottathil B Radhakrishnan and Justices Harish Tandon, Sanjib Banerjee, IP Mukerji and Joymalya Bagchi, and it will be applicable to all the subordinate courts including the Tribunals within the State of West Bengal and Union Territory of Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Significantly, all parties affected by the continuation of the interim orders will be at liberty to apply for vacating or variation of such orders. This will also apply to all orders passed, whether by the High Court or any Subordinate Court or Tribunals, after 15th March, 2020. Click Here To Download Order Read Order Next Storylast_img

Nothing “Bindass” About Hate

first_imgColumnsNothing “Bindass” About Hate Abhinav Sekhri1 Sep 2020 10:53 PMShare This – xCountless renditions of Spiderman have meant that even those who have not read the comic / watched the movie know that “with great power comes great responsibility”. This piece is about the existence of great powers and the complete abdication of responsibility that has been on show thus far in a very specific context: The regulation of hate speech and objectionable content…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginCountless renditions of Spiderman have meant that even those who have not read the comic / watched the movie know that “with great power comes great responsibility”. This piece is about the existence of great powers and the complete abdication of responsibility that has been on show thus far in a very specific context: The regulation of hate speech and objectionable content over television broadcasts in India. I will essentially argue that the existing statutory framework confers enormous powers for active regulation of content and that this potential is being wasted at present, as it takes a High Court order to get authorities to do what they should have been doing themselves in the first place. I will also argue that arguing in favour of active regulation, even for pre-censoring content, is something that is within the realm of the constitutional position on free speech in India which limits the contours of this right. Lastly, I point out certain problems with the existing regulatory framework, which likens it to a medieval despot rather than a regulator for a democratic polity. Powers of Regulation in TV Broadcasting The Cable Television Networks (Regulation) Act of 1995 is a peculiar document, and historians might have a great time reading through the legislative debates which led to this legislation that is designed to safeguard Indian culture from western media influences and protect subscribers against “anti-national” broadcasts. What I am concerned about is the regulatory framework that the Act installed not only for cable television providers, but also for content that is broadcast on the networks. There are various sources of regulation, but I’ll flag only some here: Content must be in line with the Programme Code stipulated under Rule 6 and the Advertisement Code (under Rule 7) of the Cable Television Networks Rules 1994 (which have been amended from time to time), and Section 5 of the Act demands that content which is not compliant with the Code should not be broadcast. The Programme Code is a diverse set of regulations in itself and prohibits airing content which, among other things, “offends good taste or decency”, or; “contains attack on religions or communities or visuals or words contemptuous of religious groups or which promote communal attitudes”, or; “criticizes, maligns or slanders any individual in person or certain groups, segments of social, public and moral life of the country”. The Advertising Code is similarly broad in scope. Section 19 of the Act confers powers upon an “Authorised Officer” [who may be a District Magistrate, Sub-Divisional Magistrate, or a Commissioner of Police], with the power to prohibit the transmission of “any programme or channel” which is “not in conformity with the prescribed [codes]”, or, content which is “likely to promote on grounds of religion, race, language, caste or community or other ground whatsoever, disharmony or feelings of enmity, hatred or ill-will between different religious, racial, linguistic or regional groups or castes or communities” or, “which is likely to disturb the public tranquility”. Section 20 of the Act confers similar powers upon the Central Government to regulate / prohibit the transmission of content which it considers is contrary to the Programme Code or the Advertising Code [Section 20(3)]. It allows content transmission to be blocked if it is seen as being necessary to do so in the interest of, among other things, public order, decency, or morality. These are enormously broad powers conferred upon executive authorities bordering on the unconstitutional insofar as some grounds for exercising power appear extremely vague. But at the same time, some of these categories for exercising censorship functions are not as ridiculous as others. For instance, and this is where I want to focus, it is difficult to argue against actively preventing content which stirs communal read more