Credit: CC0 Public Domain More information: J.J.A. Müller et al, Ravens remember the nature of a single reciprocal interaction sequence over 2 days and even after a month, Animal Behaviour (2017). DOI: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2017.04.004AbstractTo explain reciprocity, direct or indirect, several proximate mechanisms have been proposed, yet little attention has been given to the specific underlying cognitive mechanisms. Regardless of what proximate rules underlie reciprocity, some kind of memory would be paramount. Corvids in general, and ravens, Corvus corax, specifically, have been shown to possess an array of sophisticated cognitive mechanisms involved in memory. In this study, we tested the memory of nine ravens in an exchange paradigm where they could exchange a low-quality for a high-quality food item. Specifically, we tested whether they remembered who was a reliable ‘fair’ experimenter and who would not reliably exchange (the ‘unfair’ experimenter), and whether they would subsequently choose to interact with the former when given the choice. In addition, we tested whether ravens that observed the initial seeding of information about who was ‘fair’ or ‘unfair’ could transform bystander information into first-person interactions, i.e. also preferring to interact with the ‘fair’ experimenter when given the choice. The results show that ravens with first-hand experience were more likely to interact with experimenters with whom they had had a positive previous experience, and that this memory lasted at least 1 month. In contrast, observers did not distinguish between the experimenters when given the choice to interact with them. Previous first-hand experience with the paradigm, however, seemed to help observers to be more successful in solving the task, albeit not significantly above chance. In sum, this study shows memory for direct reciprocity in ravens, and tentatively suggests memory for indirect reciprocity. Accordingly, these results provide hints for the underlying mechanism of memory in raven social interactions. Most everyone knows that birds belonging to the corvid family are smart—magpies are notorious for their antics, as are crows. In this new effort, the researchers devised and conducted experiments designed to test whether ravens are capable of understanding different negative behaviors from different people, whether they are able to respond, and if so, for how long.The experiments consisted of training tame ravens to offer one treat to a person in exchange for a better treat; sometimes, the person offering the treat would cheat the bird out of their reward. Each of seven birds was given a bit of bread, which they like to eat. But then each was given the opportunity, like contestants on Let’s Make a Deal, to exchange their measly bread chunk for a hunk of cheese, which they like much better. Once they had the routine down, the humans changed things by occasionally cheating a raven out of its treat. When the bird offered up its bread, the human took it, then ate both the bread and cheese. To provide for comparison purposes, only some of the humans cheated the birds and two additional birds were allowed to watch the proceedings but not participate.The researchers report that two days after the initial trials, the birds that had been duped refused to trade with those people that had duped them, opting instead to haggle only with fair or neutral traders (people not involved in the original exchange). The observer birds showed no preference. The team reports further that two months later only one of the birds was willing to trade with a person that had deceived them earlier. The study shows, the researchers claim, that the birds are capable of understanding when they have been cheated and associating that with a single individual. It also shows they have a long memory. Such skills, they note, likely come in handy in the wild as the social birds deal with transgressions of their peers. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Ravens found able to remember people who tricked them up to two months later (2017, June 8) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-06-ravens-people-months.html Ravens cooperate—but not with just anyone Journal information: Animal
Hoping to foster a more open and interactive culture of electronic music performance, the Border Movement Lounge is a Goethe-Institut funded platform that showcases established and upcoming artists and producers from across South Asia. The lounge is an informal event happening at Hauz Khas Social on 29 October. Each edition of Border Movement Lounge focuses on a different area of the region, partnering acts with local talent and this year’s edition will focus on Bangladesh. This year’s lineup include the Space/Ghost from Bangladesh and Big City Harmonics and When Pandas Attack from India. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Border Movement is a platform that aims to encourage interaction between the electronic music scenes of South Asia and Germany. A common initiative of the Goethe-Instituts in South Asia and a project realised in an alliance with regional partners Wild City. Performing on Wednesday, Space/Ghost is a Dhaka based solo electronic project. Although a classically trained pianist, French electronica moves him the most. Big City Harmonics is the solo project of Rohan Hastak – a former guitarist turned live electronica act. When Pandas Attack is a Delhi-based graphic designer Ankur Chauhan’s solo project. It started about 3 years ago, with a desire to put down thoughts quickly, a form of creative note keeping. Messing around with recording guitar parts for a while, he progressed to making full tracks without any actual instruments. This experiment gained momentum once he connected electronic music with an organic soundscape.WHERE : Hauz Khas SocialWHEN: 29 October
Kolkata: Stating that steps have been taken to avoid even stray incidents during and ahead of the Panchayat election, Anuj Sharma, the Additional Director General of Police (Law and Order), said: “The West Bengal Police is sufficient to conduct a peaceful and fair Panchayat poll.”He has also stated while addressing the Press in the state secretariat that all political parties are getting equal chances to file nomination without any hindrance.Sharma said: “It is being shown in a section of media that nobody can file nomination as trouble is taking place at different places. It is also being shown that some political parties are not being able to file nominations there. But I would like to say that the facts and figures collected from the districts show that overall, all parties are getting chances to file nominations.” Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsGiving data on the number of nominations filed, showing that all political parties are getting equal chances in filing nomination, he maintained: “In the last two days in Gram Panchayat level, 1,614 nominations have been filed by All India Trinamool Congress, while other political parties have filed 1,692 nominations. It shows that all political parties were being able to file nominations.”When asked whether there is a need of the Central forces to conduct the probe, Sharma said: “No, the state police are sufficient in conducting free, fair and peaceful election.” Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedHe further said that the nomination process is going on smoothly at the moment and to maintain the same, they are sending additional police forces.In connection with the stray incidents that took place in some places, Sharma said: “Some incidents have taken place and it has been taken note of. There are 48,500 Gram Panchayat seats and incidents have taken place in some of the places. Cases have been started and legal action will also be taken against the people involved in these incidents.”He further said that instructions have been passed to superintendents of police and commissioners of concerned police commissionerates to take all necessary steps, so that nomination process is completed peacefully.”There is strong police arrangement and it has been instructed to further increase the vigil where it is required,” he maintained.It may be mentioned that police have taken adequate steps with regard to an incident of a journalist being attacked in Cooch Behar on Wednesday.
People who frequently check and re-check their smartphone are driven most strongly by uncontrolled impulses and are less apt in delaying gratification, says a study.Psychologists Henry Wilmer and Jason Chein from Temple University in the US carried out the study to develop better understanding of the impact of smartphone and mobile technology usage to assess the potential problems associated with heavy use. The researchers gave 91 undergraduate students a battery of questionnaires and cognitive tests. They indicated how much time they spent using their phones for social media purposes, to post status updates and to simply check their devices. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Each student’s tendency to delay gratification in favour of larger, later rewards was also assessed. They were given hypothetical choices between a smaller sum of money offered immediately or a larger sum to be received at a later time. The results, published in Springer’s journal Psychonomic Bulletin and Review2, provided evidence that people who constantly check and use their mobile devices throughout the day are less apt to delay gratification.“Mobile technology habits, such as frequent checking, seem to be driven most strongly by uncontrolled impulses and not by the desire to pursue rewards,” Wilmer noted.The findings provide evidence that increased use of portable electronic devices is associated with poor impulse control and a tendency to devalue delayed rewards.
Known globally for their rare excellence and perfection of technique, Raja and Radha Reddy complete 50 years in the art of Kuchipudi this year. The duo is solely responsible to help bring the Indian classical dance form of Kuchipudi to the cultural map of the world. “I m very proud and happy, this is the happiness that we get after completing 50 years in the divine art of Kuchipudi. It’s not only me, but Radha, Kaushalya and my 2 daughters are very proud of the moment,” says Raja Reddy. Trained by eminent Kuchipudi dancers, Sri Vedantam Prahlada Sarma and Sri PVG Krishna, for Raja Reddy, the love for kuchipudi came at an early age and Radha followed his path after their wedding. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThey became the first Indian dancers to perform at the International Dance Festival of Avignon in France and Salzburg (Austria) and the Festivals of India in the USA, UK and Bangladesh. In Japan, the Reddys were two of the twenty –two star dancers from across the world invited to perform at The All-star Ballet Gala Festival.For the last 20 years, ‘Natya Tarangini performing arts,’ established by Raja Radha Reddy has been organizing its annual “Parampara Series – The National festival of Music and Dance” to promote the Indian dance and music. As Padma Shree and Padma Bhushana Raja Radha Reddy complete their 50 years of service to the field of Indian classical dance form – Kuchipudi; they attribute their success to Lord Shiva on the occasion of Mahashivaratri on February 24. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveRaja Radha Reddy and Kaushalya Reddy are organising an ode to Nataraja – an all night concert series at the Natya Tarangini Performing Arts Centre, which had been formed forty years ago by the Reddys in order to train innumerable Indian classical dance lovers around the world.Mahashivaratri is the most important festival for the devotees of Lord Shiva. The festival has been accorded a lot of significance in Hindu mythology. It says that if a devotee sincerely worships Lord Shiva on the auspicious day of Shivratri then that person is absolved of all sins and attains moksha. Known as “Black Shiva” all over the world, Raja Reddy said, “During my childhood, we used to sing and dance for the whole night in the praise of Lord Shiva and we want to maintain our country’s tradition in the national Capital as well and this is the reason of our celebration on the occasion of Mahashivaratri.” The Mahashivratri concert will be presenting gems of classical dance and music such as Raja Radha Reddy, Ashwini Bhide, Rajendra Gangani, Aditi Sharma, Vagesh, Yamini and Bhavana Reddy and many talented youth from the field of dance and music as they perform Shiv Aradhana at the NatyaTarangini building premises in Saket at 8:30 pm. The featured artists will be dedicating their performances to Lord Shiva by showing different aspects of his existence in the form of various episodes of Lord Shiva’s leelas such as NeelKantha showing how he consumed poison to save people during samudra manthan; or the story of a boy whose life was protected by Shiva.
Kolkata: An elderly person identified as Suvrajit Roy (70) was found dead inside his own flat at Ballygunge Place on Wednesday night. Locals informed police regarding the same as he had not been seen since Wednesday morning.Sources informed that on Wednesday night, Gariahat police station received information from the residents of 78, Ballygunge Place that one of the residents of their apartment was not responding despite repeated knocks on the door. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseUpon receiving the information, police reached the apartment and went to the flat located on the third floor. Police personnel also knocked on the door multiple times but found no response. Later, sleuths broke the door open and found Roy lying on the floor unconscious. He was immediately rushed to SSKM Hospital, where doctors declared him brought dead. Later, the body was sent for autopsy examination. Locals informed that Roy was a bachelor and used to live alone in the flat. He had also been suffering from heart disease for a long time. No marks of injury could be found on his body during preliminary investigation. It is suspected that he died due to a massive cardiac arrest on Tuesday night. Though no foulplay is suspected, sleuths are waiting for the autopsy report as the cause of death can only be determined then. If any foulplay is noticed in the report, an FIR will be initiated and the matter will be investigated as a criminal case.
The 7th International Theatre Festival, organized by Kalindi Bratyajon, was officially inaugurated by the State Minister of Power, Sovandeb Chattopadhyay in the august presence of the Director of Embassy, Cultural Relations, Italy, Dr. Andrea Baldi and Regional Director, ICCR, Goutam De. Sovandeb Chattopadhyay congratulated the festival convener, Bratya Basu for taking such a huge and praiseworthy initiative each year for presenting a week-long global theatrical extravaganza before the theatre lovers of Bengal. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThe audience was enthralled by the inaugural songs presented by Bachchan Sau, a very talented visually challenged singer. This was followed by the first theatrical performance from The Teatro nel Baule, Italy, a theatre company which does research on physical theatre – mime, pantomime, comedy of art and dance. There were two scintillating performances, one was Scetch and Scotch and the other Two. Simona Di Maio and Luca Di Tomasso deserve a special mention for their outstanding non-verbal display of physicality on stage.
On the occasion of the fiftieth death anniversary of famous Marathi theater actor and singer Bal Gandharva, Rajkamal Prakashan and Delhi Marathi Foundation launched the Hindi translation of his biography ‘Balgandharva;’ at Sahithya Akademi Hall, Rabindra Bhavan.Balgandharva is the Hindi translation of the book ‘Asa Ha Bal Gandharva’ which was originally written in Marathi by Abhiram Bhadkamkar, who also happens to be the scriptwriter of biographical Marathi movie Balgandharva. The book is translated in Hindi by Gorakh Thorat, Professor at SP college, Pune and published by Rajkamal Prakashan. This novel is the biography of Narayan Shripad Rajhans, who got the title of Balgandharva from Bal Gangadhar Tilak after hearing him sing at a very young age and from then onwards he was known by the same name. He was also the first person in the country to receive Balgandharva Sangeet Natak Akademi Award. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfAt the book launch, Vinay Sahasrabuddhe, MP Rajya Sabha and President, Indian Council for Cultural Relations along with Kirti Shiledar, stalwart of Marathi sangeet natak, Ram Gopal Bajaj, senior theater personality, Deepak Karanjikar, actor and writer, Professor Gorakh Thorat, Satyanand Nirupam, Editorial Director of Rajkamal Prakashan Samuh and Abhijit Godbole from Delhi Theatre Foundation paid glowing tribute to Bal Gandharva. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveSpeaking on the occasion, Vinay Sahasrabuddhe President, Indian Council for Cultural Relations said, “All the works of Abhiram Bhadkamkar are exceptional and the magic he creates with his writing is sensational. Translating Balgandharava into the Hindi language is a historic step, and we look forward to see this book being translated into other languages as well.” He also said that he would take the initiative along with the help of others to bring this book to the World Hindi Conference. The author of the novel, Abiram Bhadkamkar, said, “There are many such aspects of this novel on which Marathi society does not want to talk about. While writing this biography I experienced such a beautiful forest of talent that even now I have not been able to get out off. He was born in theater and he had spent his whole life on stage. Through this biography, I am just able to show a very small part of his life”.Ramgopal Bajaj senior artist said, “Balgandharva’s actions and the devotion towards theatre dragged me on this stage, and I consider myself fortunate enough to have a chance to speak on Balgandharva’s death anniversary.”Kirti Shiledar, a well-known Marathi actress, said, “Theatre has seen the good days only in the era of Balgandharva Natak Mandali.”
Braving the barrier of age and ailment, the first CD containing folk songs by 83-year-old Anubha Ganguly will be released on June 7, in Kolkata by Governor KN Tripathi.At the age when most people complaint of ill health and loneliness, Ganguly’s amazing energy and undaunted courage stand as a source of great inspiration to the singers and musicians, who are much junior to her in age. The CD contains 10 popular folk songs including ‘Longor Chariya Naoer’, ‘Ki Ajob Karigor’, ‘Prem Janena Roshik Kalachand’, ‘Hosti Konya Hosti Konya’, ‘Kanai oo Kanai’, ‘Kunchboron shundor konya’, ‘O amar dorodi’, ‘Loke Bole Bolbe’, ‘Emon Premer Nodite Soigo’, ‘Ore Ore sundoira naoer majhi’. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfGanguly joined Gananatya Sangha, where she came in contact with the king of folk songs – Nirmalendu Chowdhury and became his first student. Her husband Gokulchand and brother –in- law also joined the choir. She took part in many shows and enthralled the audience. Undoubtedly, music was Anubha’s, first love. Though born in a well-settled family, Anubha being daughter of a cook, took her intial lessons in music from Krishna Chandra Dey – popularly known as KC Dey – who happened to be the uncle of Manna Dey. Dey had a baritone voice was a great exponent of Kirtan. Later, she learned music under the mentorship of renowned music teacher Yamini Gangopadhyay. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveAnubha’s son actor-singer Arindam Ganguly said that despite being the mother of three children, which kept her busy looking after the day to day duties, she kept pursuing music and balancing her personal and professional life quite well. “This CD is my tribute to her,” he said. It was Biswa Roy, Head of Bhavna Cassettes and Records, who mooted the idea of making a CD of folk songs by an octogenarian vocalist, that will stand as an inspiration to the present day folk artists. Ganguly did not turn down Roy’s proposal, and yet has presented to us a unique CD with the inimitable style of singing.
Originally set in New York with a drama critic and his family which loves to kill, American playwright Joseph Kesselring’s 1939 play ‘Arsenic and Old Lace’ has been adapted worldwide. Closer home, its Indianised version is set in a Mumbai suburb, and is delivered in “Anglo-Indian Hindi lingo”. Director Nayana Sagar’s play by the same name revolves around the protagonist Bobby D’silva who is stuck with two aunts who kill old men by slipping arsenic into their wine, a nephew who doubles up as psychopath killer, and another who mistakes himself as Adolf Hitler. The play script was also adapted for an American film in 1944. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfWhat makes it such a timeless play? “This play fascinates me, for it works on many levels – the plot, the characters’ motives, the story’s motive, the conflict that drives the story as well as the individual characters is woven so seamlessly into the story. Although the genre is of a macabre dark comedy, the story infuses a lot of optimism and hope in the reader,” Sagar said. The farcical black comedy has been Indianised and adapted into Hindi by Ranjit Kapoor. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveSagar has translated the vernacular Hindi language into an ‘Anglo-Indian Hindi lingo’ spoken by the Christians of Vasai, a far suburb of Mumbai where the protagonist of the play Bobby D’silva and his family are based. “The art effects and set props are imaginatively used to recreate a vintage look of the abode of D’silva family who are probably one of the original Christian suburb settlers, their home is over 100 years old and the set emulates this. The light design highlights the macabre mystery of the plot premise,” said Sagar. The Shri Ram Centre for Performing Arts (SRCPA) staged ‘Arsenic and Old Lace’ on August 10 – 11.
In 2016 a documentary by filmmaker Rosie Jones put the spotlight on an Australian doomsday cult called “The Family.” Although The Family has followers to this day, not many people were aware of its existence. It was created in the early 1960s and operated by Anne Hamilton-Byrne, her husband Bill Hamilton-Byrne, and Raynor Johnson, an Oxford physician and prominent member of the Australian elite. The cult taught a mixture of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Christianity, proclaiming Anne Hamilton-Byrne as the Messiah, or the female reincarnation of Jesus. Later in its existence the cult focused primarily on the gathering and indoctrination of children. Her charming and charismatic personality attracted a number of followers, especially from the high social circles in Melbourne.Hamilton-Byrne adopted 28 children, and at least half of them believed that she was their biological mother. She said that she loved children — she might have liked the idea of having them, but she had some perverse ideas on raising them. Her now-grown-up children recall being punished or starved for the smallest disobedience, as well as being regularly injected with LSD.Melbourne, Australia.Born Evelyn Edwards in 1921, she had a dysfunctional childhood. Her mother was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia, and she barely knew her father. Another misfortune in her life was the tragic death of her first husband, in a traffic accident. In 1960, Anne discovered yoga.At the time, new age-style soul-searching was quite popular among intellectuals and academics, and feminism was on the rise. Tactically, Edwards opened a yoga studio in a suburb of Melbourne where she taught mostly middle-aged women who were bored and unhappy in their marriages.Edwards offered love to anyone who needed it, and she was charming enough for people to trust her. She encouraged women to leave their husbands, and invited everyone to follow her.Things got more serious when Edwards met Raynor Johnson, master of the Methodist Queen’s College at the University of Melbourne. He was also deeply interested in spiritualism and took yoga lessons with Edwards. He was taken in by her charm, and besides bringing her more and more people, Johnson also offered his property, “Santiniketan,” at the outskirts of Melbourne for philosophical discussions among the group.Ferny Creek, the suburb where Raynor Johnson had his house. Photo by Davidarfonjones CC BY-SA 3.0While on LSD, Edwards became convinced that she was the female reincarnation of Jesus. The members who joined what Edwards started calling “The Family” were mostly rich people who not only made hefty donations to the sect, but also gifted their leader with money, houses, and properties around Australia and the U.S.Anne started preaching that a Third World War was coming — another LSD fueled fantasy — that was going to be so destructive that they, The Family, would have to guide the few people who survive.In 1968, Anne and her partner Bill changed their surnames to Hamilton-Byrne. They began gathering infants, some natural children of the sect’s members, and others acquired through legal adoption. Adam Lancaster, who grew up in the cult, told CBS: “Under the influence of LSD, she had this vision that she’s got to collect all these children from birth.”“Because the end of the world was coming,” recollects Dave Whitaker, another cult survivor. Hamilton-Byrne set about preparing the children to educate anyone who survived her Armageddon.Anne Hamilton-Byrne’s vision of raising a “master race” that would survive the impending apocalypse came to her during an LSD trip.The adoption procedures in Australia at the time were poorly regulated, and a number of doctors, social workers, and lawyers who were members of The Family made sure the process ran smoothly. Birth certificates were forged so that all the children would take the name Hamilton-Byrne.“You had babies born in cult hospitals, delivered by cult midwives, handed over to cult social workers,” said Lex de Man, one of the two detectives who worked on bringing charges against Hamilton-Byrne.Top 10 Notorious CultsAt the age of 14, all children went through the cult’s initiation ritual which involved giving them LSD for the first time. After that, the children were frequently given huge doses of the drug.Deprived of happiness, love, care, and the right to childhood, the kids lived in a trauma that was increased throughout their teenage years. Many of them developed anxiety, depression, and social withdrawal.Sarah Moore, an adopted daughter of leader Anne Hamilton-Byrne, blames her illness on mistreatment by the cult. May 15, 2014. Photo by Eddie Jim/Fairfax Media via Getty ImagesAlthough there were investigators looking into the sect, there wasn’t enough evidence against Anne until 1987. Her “favorite daughter,” Sarah Hamilton-Byrne, got expelled from The Family at the age of 17 for rebellion and lack of obedience.Soon after,
Eddie Lacy is headed to Seattle after signing with the Seahawks in the offseason, and he’ll be doing so with only the clothes on his back.Lacy held an unforgettable going away garage sale on Friday to show his appreciation to Green Bay fans, and also raise some money for charity. Everything had to go, from his Packer gear to furniture, and predictably, fanatical fans lined up around the block to pick the sale clean.Early morning prep in Green Bay for @Lil_Eazy_Ana_42‘s charity garage sale! #EddiesGarageSale pic.twitter.com/Ie2RixC1bH— SportsTrust Advisors (@_SportsTrust) May 5, 2017 Line for @Lil_Eazy_Ana_42 garage sale in De Pere @packers @CBS58 pic.twitter.com/EQs1nlULRE— Jacob Kittilstad (@reporterjlk) May 5, 2017 In the end, there was nothing left but a sectional. That got scooped up, too. There is no NFL city like the town of Green Bay. Do not try this in New York.Less than 2 hrs tho? Only thing left is my 6 pc sectional. Get it by 5p. Nothing left to sell tomorrow??♂️. No ?like charity???. Thank you pic.twitter.com/lVrNJvtcih— Eddie Lacy (@Lil_Eazy_Ana_42) May 5, 2017 It’s a wrap … last items were just sold and picked up. Thx to all who came, waited for hours and bought stuff to help me give back. ?? pic.twitter.com/QnfjyPBMJi— Eddie Lacy (@Lil_Eazy_Ana_42) May 6, 2017
Fantasy camps are filled with over the hill former athletes trying to re-live the glory days, but sometimes they can turn back the clock and pull out some of the old magic.One plus sized camper at the Texas Tech fantasy camp did exactly that during a scrimmage when he went full extension and laid out to make a physics defying steal. The incredible and unexpected play immediately shut down the scrimmage as the campers mobbed the big boy with feet like a ballerina. Red Raiders Head Coach Chris Beard posted a video of the Top 10 play to his Twitter account and we’re glad he did.Play of the Year by Fantasy Camper Justin Farris. ESPY nomination. #4:1 pic.twitter.com/Lcvqq4EOql— Chris Beard (@CoachBeardTTU) August 10, 2018
Brought to you by PCWorld Free Webinar | Sept 5: Tips and Tools for Making Progress Toward Important Goals Want better performance from your laptop? The conventional wisdom has long held that you should simply buy a new one. You can put such conventional wisdom aside: Upgrading a laptop may not be for the timid or the impatient, but if you’re handy with a screwdriver, and the sight of a circuit board doesn’t scare you, an upgrade can be a far more affordable solution.We took tools to hand and worked our way through eight common (and not so common) laptop upgrades, in some instances stripping our test machines–a Dell Inspiron E1505 and a Dell Inspiron 6000–down to the bare chassis. We can’t fit complete step-by-step, unscrew-this-and-unplug-that instructions for everything into this article, but we can provide tips to help with each process.And note that every laptop varies: Even machines from the same vendor can have very different designs and therefore wildly different disassembly methods.Before you start, keep these essential points in mind:Many of these upgrades will void your laptop’s warranty.Some upgrades can damage your laptop. If you are at all uncomfortable with such tinkering, leave it to a pro.Most vendors provide disassembly instructions in their products’ service manuals, which can usually be found on their Web sites’ support sections.Unplug your laptop and remove the battery before attempting any upgrade. Also, to avoid damage from static electricity, use a grounded wrist strap.You’ll need a collection of small screwdrivers, including flathead, Phillips, and possibly even Torx.Speaking of screws, keep them organized as you remove them. We like to use Dixie cups for each step. Just write “LCD assembly” or “keyboard” or whatever on each cup as you go, to help you remember which screws go where.Pay special attention to wiring. Laptops have intricate channels where the wiring must run; stray wiring may get pinched or may prevent other parts from fitting together correctly.No matter what machine you’re working on, first upgrade your BIOS. You’ll need up-to-date BIOS code to support many newer components.Not every laptop component can be upgraded. Some may be soldered or otherwise permanently attached.RAMHard DriveOptical DriveBluetoothWireless CardRAMTime: 10 minutesAdding or replacing memory has always been one of the simplest upgrades to perform on a laptop; even novice computer users should have no difficulty with it. And in our tests, this upgrade gave the most bang for the buck. On our Dell Inspiron 1525 test model, an upgrade from 1GB of RAM to 2GB (cost: $50) boosted the laptop’s WorldBench 6 score from 57 to 62.Quick tip: Use Crucial’s System Scanner to find out what type of RAM modules you need. You can mix and match old modules with new ones, but some systems may end up with better performance if you install a matched pair of identical DIMM units.You can find a selection of laptop memory modules from a variety of vendors in PC World Shopping.Most laptops have a panel on the underside that, when removed, exposes the DIMM slots for RAM. (On some models, however, you must remove the keyboard to reach the slots; see the next paragraph.) To remove the panel–which is often labeled either with an M (for memory) or with a picture of a RAM chip–unscrew the holding screw or screws. Usually a single screw holds the panel in place, though some laptops may use as many as eight.If you need to remove the keyboard, follow these steps:Remove the laptop’s hinge cover by prying up the plastic.Detach the keyboard by taking out the two screws beneath the hinge cover that secure it, lifting it off, and then unplugging the connector.(Reverse these steps when the new RAM is in place.)To remove an old RAM module, gently pull apart the metal clips securing each end. Once freed, it should pop up at an angle. Gently pull it straight out. Insert your new RAM in the same way, at an angle, until it is completely seated in the slot; then, again gently, press it down flat (see photo 2 at right). The holding clips will engage automatically.Replace the panel and battery, and boot up. Your computer should automatically recognize the change in RAM.Hard DriveTime: 60 minutesReplacing a laptop’s hard drive is almost always an uncomplicated affair, and the actual swap can be done in just a few minutes. Transferring the data from the old drive to the new one requires a little more planning, and typically takes an hour or so. This simple task is likely not only to give you more storage, but also to improve performance. We upgraded a 5400-rpm, 120GB drive to a 7200-rpm, 200GB model, raising the system’s WorldBench 6 score from 57 to 61.You can find a selection of laptop hard drives from a variety of vendors in PC World Shopping.Hard drives are usually accessible via a side panel in
How Success Happens 15+ min read Brought to you by PCWorld First Look: Windows 7 Microsoft hopes it’s new operating system will make up for some of Vista’s failures. Check out our slideshow of the biggest changes.What if Microsoft waved a magic wand and everything people hated about Windows Vista went away? You might have an operating system that you liked–and that’s what Microsoft appears to be striving for with Windows 7. We checked out an early beta of the future OS, and though at this point many features are either missing or works in progress, the improvements to everything from user interface to memory management look highly promising.Along with several dozen other reviewers and analysts, we got our first real look at the OS, preinstalled on loaner notebooks, over the weekend at a workshop on the eve of the Microsoft Professional Developers Conference. Microsoft planned to hand out installation discs later Tuesday, after the head of engineering for Windows and Windows Live, Steven Sinofsky, delivers his scheduled keynote formally introducing Windows 7 to PDC attendees. (We’ll report on our experiences upgrading PCs from Vista to 7 later on.)Of course, some of the promised features are things that Microsoft has pledged–and failed to deliver–before. Wasn’t Vista supposed to be faster than its predecessor? We won’t be able to test performance (and other under-the-hood features) for some time, obviously, but we can share with you what Microsoft is saying to back its claims.On some details, Microsoft has said very little. As of Monday, the company had offered no new word on when the OS will ship–the official target date continues to be early 2010, but some insiders say that the actual date may move forward by a few months. Likewise Microsoft hasn’t said anything about editions (and pricing) other than to indicate that they probably won’t mirror the Vista lineup.Microsoft has said all along that Windows 7 would refine (but not rewrite) the Vista kernel. However, some of the anticipated changes depend on support that Microsoft may not be able to control. For example, a number of cool network features will work only if your employer installs Windows Server 2008 R2 (also handed out to reviewers). Other new features require cooperation by hardware vendors, though this time their contribution won’t extend to rewriting drivers. Still other changes involve slimming down the code by offloading applications (such as e-mail and photo management) that were once bundled with the code. With Windows 7 you’ll get them either as downloadable apps or as Web services.But the OS that remains tries very hard to please users by addressing some of the biggest gripes people had about Vista, and by generally making everyday tasks accessible and easy to perform. To the extent that these efforts are visible in our early beta, they look pretty good.The Interface: A Kindler, Gentler WindowsWindows Vista’s interface makeover emphasized style over substance: Among its most-hyped new features were the Aero user interface’s translucent window frames (woo-hoo!) and the Flip 3D window switcher (flashy, but not particularly useful). It didn’t do much to repair Windows’ reputation for being annoying; in fact, the in-your-face tactics of the new User Account Control security feature made Vista more aggravating. And much of what was new in Vista, such as its desktop search, amounted to Microsoft playing catch-up with Apple’s OS X.Windows 7 takes a strikingly different approach. Its interface contains plenty of tweaks, but they’re relatively subdued and they emphasize everyday efficiency rather than sizzle. Several of the changes aim specifically to get the OS out of your way so you can work without distractions. And virtually none of what’s new feels like warmed-over OS X.The changes start with the Windows Taskbar, a core component of the Windows experience that has changed very little since it debuted in Windows 95. With Windows 7, it undergoes its biggest remodeling job ever: The familiar bars containing the name of a running application and a tiny icon are gone, and in their place are unlabeled, jumbo icons that represent running applications. The icons look like gargantuan versions of the tiny icons in the old Taskbar’s Quick Launch toolbar–as well they should, since they supplant Quick Launch in W7. (The new Taskbar also looks a bit like OS X’s Dock, though it doesn’t behave like the Dock.)Vista’s Taskbar introduced thumbnail-size previews of windows that would appear when you hovered the mouse over an app in the Taskbar. They were fairly handy, but if you had multiple windows of an application open–say, several browser windows or several word-processing documents–you could see only one of them at a time. In Windows 7, thumbnails for multiple
1 min read Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. This story originally appeared on Reuters South Korea’s Samsung Electronics Co Ltd will be the main supplier of processors powering Apple Inc’s next iPhone, Maeil Business Newspaper reported on Monday, citing unidentified sources in the semiconductor industry.Samsung will be responsible for around 75 percent of the chip production for the next iPhone, the South Korean newspaper said.The newspaper did not say how much the contract is worth and what other company will be supplying Apple. Samsung will make the chips from its factory in Austin, Texas, according to the report.A Samsung spokeswoman said the company does not comment on market speculation. Apple could not be immediately reached for comment.(Reporting by Se Young Lee; Editing by Ryan Woo) January 26, 2015 Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global Register Now »
June 4, 2015 2 min read Apple Inc said it would start selling some models of its watch at its retail stores this month, and also roll out the gadget in seven more countries.The watch has been on display in Apple stores around the world since April 10, when it became available for preorder online and at shops including trendy fashion boutiques in Paris, London and Tokyo.Apple had directed people to order online, preventing long queues around its stores that have become a norm with the company’s rollout of new products.”We believe making the Apple Watch available for customers to purchase at an Apple retail store will drive increased sales volumes,” Cantor Fitzgerald analysts wrote in a note.The company said all orders, except one model, placed through May would be shipped to customers within two weeks.”The response to Apple Watch has surpassed our expectations in every way,” said Jeff Williams, senior vice president of operations. “We’re also making great progress with the backlog of Apple Watch orders.”The company has not given any sales figures for the watch since it began taking orders, but has often said demand was outstripping supply.”We believe the company has made significant progress in reducing its backlog as production ramps,” S&P Capital IQ analyst Angelo Zino said in an email.Shipments of at least 30 million watches were plausible next year, Zino said.Apple Watch will be launched in Italy, Mexico, Spain, South Korea, Singapore, Switzerland and Taiwan on June 26, the company said. The watch is currently available in the United States, Australia, Canada, China, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Japan and the UK.Apart from online stores, customers in these countries can also buy the devices at Apple’s retail stores and some authorized resellers.(Reporting by Devika Krishna Kumar and Arathy Nair in Bengaluru; Editing by Joyjeet Das) Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global This story originally appeared on Reuters Register Now » Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box.
Listen Now Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. 5 min read How Success Happens June 26, 2015 Hear from Polar Explorers, ultra marathoners, authors, artists and a range of other unique personalities to better understand the traits that make excellence possible. Enterprise resource planning (ERP) has consistently opened up new doors for businesses around the globe. We are now living at a point in time where finance, logistics, customer relationships and human resources are all tied into a simple platform.Related: A New Wave of HR Technology Is Disrupting the MarketThat platform extrapolates all related data and organizes it in a way that lets each department make decisions that play well into a number of particular strategies. Though ERP has all these intriguing applications, let’s narrow our focus here to human resources.By using the latest technology in human capital management (HCM, a component of ERP), organizations can plan and execute strategies that can raise productivity through proper “management” of employees, if ever such a thing were imaginable.By coming as close as possible to quantifying the amount of knowledge, talent, experience, training and skill an employee has, ERP makes it easier to more expertly assign roles and responsibilities to the right people and make better hiring decisions to fill these areas’ gaps.Now that you have an idea of ERP’s relevance and significance on the human resources scene, next consider the five major tools that help implement and apply HCM.1. Microsoft Dynamics AXMicrosoft’s tradition of acquiring other companies for their intellectual property led to its acquisition of Dynamics AX. Originally known as “Axapta,” Dynamics AX has added many different modules on top of the software that allows it to function in almost any mid-market-to-large-tier business setting. Human resources was among the core functionalities found in Axapta 2.5 (the last version of the software) that it has kept and improved drastically.As part of the software, you get an interface that allows you to quickly sift through employment histories, medical information, certificates, courses and equipment on loan. Employees can also “self-service” by registering for courses and tracking their own performance.2. Workday HCMThere are many companies out there operating on tight margins and massive overhead within their supply chains. But wherever there exists little room for improvement, the talent behind the operation makes all the difference. Any firm working in the consumer products segment knows that trimming inefficiency in its workforce is probably the only way to squeeze out a bit more productivity when there is no other solution in sight.Workday’s HCM software makes the effort of sorting out workforce issues much easier, with its human resources-oriented ERP package. Workday offers platforms for talent management, recruiting, payroll, time management and workforce planning, with complete metrics.Related: 4 Technologies That Free HR to Work With People Instead of Just Their Paperwork3. Epicor HCMEpicor’s platform takes employee management to a level that seems to take the pages of an HR handbook and say, “Let’s plop some software on it to make it simpler.” Employees can request time off, manage their own goals and maintain competency profiles. Employers can track absences and hours worked and modify policies and budget from a single interface.4. Infor HCMFor those operating within the United States and Canada, Infor offers a suite of applications that not only provides effective payroll management, scheduling and more complex HR solutions, but also ensures compliance with a variety of regulations, including those governing tips.Enterprises operating outside these countries can benefit from a global HR module that comes with the added benefit of implementation through either a managed services infrastructure (for those who wish to forego the added cost of having a dedicated IT staff) or the decision to run Amazon’s EC2 under an IaaS.5. SAP HCM with Panaya’s AutomationThere can be no discussion about ERP without mentioning SAP, the mothership of ERPs that all other platforms secretly admire. According to that company’s benchmarks, its HR solutions result in an average 32 percent reduction of employees while increasing revenue per worker by up to 20 percent. In addition to providing all of the workforce planning, talent management, task management and payroll software that a company needs to empower its employees, SAP’s upgrade process is fully automated.Enterprise automation solutions like the one Panaya offers for SAP testing make it much easier to change the structure of the system without running the risk of breaking the platform. In a way, it is the cruise control of ERP maintenance, and a must-have for businesses that need the most up-to-date
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Subscribe to Reddit Domain Feeds by Martin Brinkmann on June 01, 2016 in Internet – Last Update: June 01, 2016 – 3 commentsOne lesser known feature of Reddit is the ability to display all submissions that a domain or site received on Reddit.I mentioned this option two years ago for the first time and don’t want to rehash everything I said in the previous article.You may have stumbled upon it accidentally by clicking on the domain link next to submissions that lead to external sites as it will display the feed of that domain directly.The feature is quite useful for a number of reasons. As a webmaster for instance, it is easy enough to check all the direct mentions of your site on Reddit.Not only does it tell you something about the popularity of content, it does provide you with options to respond directly to these submissions on the site.Reddit Domain FeedsAs a user, submissions can be useful as well. If you are interested in browser extensions for instance, you can check the most recent submissions of Firefox add-ons or Chrome extensions using the feature by loading https://www.reddit.com/domain/addons.mozilla.org or https://www.reddit.com/domain/chrome.google.com/.Other options include listing all YouTube videos submitted to Reddit, new images on Imgur that users found or uploaded, an endless stream of funny gifs on https://www.reddit.com/domain/gfycat.com/, or any form of content using the domain syntax.Reddit is a community focused site on the other hand and if you are a user on the site, you may have noticed that it does not offer options to subscribe to a domain submission listing directly.While you cannot subscribe to domain feeds using a Reddit account directly, you may integrate these feeds using RSS instead.The following RSS feed urls are provided for domain submissions on Reddit:Hot: https://www.reddit.com/domain/example.com/.rssNew: https://www.reddit.com/domain/example.com/new/.rssRising: https://www.reddit.com/domain/example.com/rising/.rssControversial: https://www.reddit.com/domain/example.com/controversial/.rssTop: https://www.reddit.com/domain/example.com/top/.rssGilded: https://www.reddit.com/domain/example.com/gilded/.rssWiki: https://www.reddit.com/domain/example.com/wiki/.rssPromoted: https://www.reddit.com/domain/example.com/promoted/.rssSidenote: You can append .rss to virtually any submission group on Reddit, not only domain submissions, to get a RSS Feed url right away that you can subscribe to in a feed reader of your choosing.There are limitations to the method however. First, feeds are limited to 25 entries which may not be enough to grab all submissions for very popular domains such as YouTube or Imgur.Second, and this weights more heavily, you cannot add directories to domain listings. While that may not matter on single-purpose sites, you may get lots of noise when you grab the feed of microsoft.com for example as virtually every submission is covered by the domain. If you are only interested in a specific blog for instance on a site, or a category of content, then you cannot use the feature for that.Ultimately though, Reddit domain feeds are a very easy and straightforward option to subscribe to domain submissions on Reddit provided that you are using a feed reader.SummaryArticle NameSubscribe to Reddit Domain FeedsDescriptionFind out how to subscribe to RSS feeds of submissions for specific domains or sites on Reddit to keep up with new content.Author Martin BrinkmannPublisher Ghacks Technology NewsLogo Advertisement